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service.h

/*
 *  Copyright (C) 2004-2008 Christos Tsantilas
 *
 *  This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 *  version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License along with this library; if not, write to the Free Software
 *  Foundation, Inc., 51 Franklin Street, Fifth Floor, Boston,
 *  MA  02110-1301  USA.
 */


#ifndef __SERVICE_H
#define __SERVICE_H

#include "header.h"
#include "cfg_param.h"
#include "ci_threads.h"

/**
 \defgroup SERVICES Services API
 \ingroup API
 * Services related API. For detailed information about implementing a service look the documentation 
 * of struct ci_service_module
 */

#define CI_MOD_NOT_READY  0
#define CI_MOD_DONE       1
#define CI_MOD_CONTINUE 100
#define CI_MOD_ALLOW204 204
#define CI_MOD_ERROR     -1

#define MAX_SERVICE_NAME  63
#define MAX_SERVICE_ARGS 255
#define SRV_ISTAG_SIZE    39 /* contains the ISTag: field, the istag part 
                         of server and the istag part of service (32+7) */
#define SRV_ISTAG_POS     13 /* strlen("ISTAG: ")+6, 6 is the size of server 
                         part of istag */
#define SERVICE_ISTAG_SIZE 26 
#define XINCLUDES_SIZE    511 /* it is enough I think ....*/

#define CI_XCLIENTIP              1
#define CI_XSERVERIP              2
#define CI_XSUBSCRIBERID          4
#define CI_XAUTHENTICATEDUSER     8
#define CI_XAUTHENTICATEDGROUPS  16

struct ci_request;

typedef struct  ci_service_module ci_service_module_t;


/**
 \typedef  ci_service_xdata_t
 \ingroup SERVICES
 *Stores required data and settings for a service
 */
00066 typedef struct ci_service_xdata {
     ci_thread_rwlock_t lock;
     struct ci_conf_entry *intl_srv_conf_table;
     uint64_t xopts;
     char ISTag[SRV_ISTAG_SIZE+1];
     char xincludes[XINCLUDES_SIZE+1];
     char TransferPreview[MAX_HEADER_SIZE+1];
     char TransferIgnore[MAX_HEADER_SIZE+1];
     char TransferComplete[MAX_HEADER_SIZE+1];
     int preview_size;
     int max_connections;
     int allow_204;
     /*statistics IDS*/
     int stat_bytes_in;
     int stat_bytes_out;
     int stat_http_bytes_in;
     int stat_http_bytes_out;
     int stat_body_bytes_in;
     int stat_body_bytes_out;
     int stat_reqmods;
     int stat_respmods;
     int stat_options;
     int stat_allow204;
} ci_service_xdata_t;

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 * Is the structure  which implements a service
 *
 * To implement a service someones needs to implement the member functions of this struct. These functions 
 * will be called by c-icap as follows:
 *   - New request arrives for this service  ->  The  ci_service_module::mod_init_request_data called
 *   - The icap client sends preview data -> The ci_service_module::mod_check_preview_handler called. 
 *     If this function return CI_MOD_ALLOW204 the ICAP transaction stops here. If this function return 
 *     CI_MOD_CONTINUE the ICAP client will send the rest body data if exists.
 *   - The client starts sends more data -> ci_service_module::mod_service_io called multiple times until the 
 *     client has send all the body data. The service can start send data using this function to the client 
 *     before all data has received 
 *   - The client has send all data -> the ci_service_module::mod_end_of_data_handler called
 *   - The client waits to read the rest data from c-icap ->  ci_service_module::mod_service_io called multiple
 *     times until all the body data send to the client
 */
00108 struct  ci_service_module{

/**
 \example services/echo/srv_echo.c
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief The srv_echo.c is an example service implementation, which does not modifies the content 
 *
 */
     /**
       \brief The service name 
      */
00119      char *mod_name;

    /**
      \brief Service short description 
     */
00124      char *mod_short_descr;

    /**
     \brief Service type 
     *
     * The service type can be ICAP_RESPMOD for a responce modification service, 
     * ICAP_REQMOD for request modification service or ICAP_RESPMOD|ICAP_REQMOD for
     * a service implements both response and request modification
     */
00133      int  mod_type;

    /**
       \brief Pointer to the function called when the service loaded.
     *
     * This function called exactly when the service loaded by c-icap. Can be used to initialize 
     * the service.
     \param srv_xdata Pointer to the ci_service_xdata_t object of this service
     \param server_conf Pointer to the struct holds the main c-icap server configuration
     \return CI_OK on success, CI_ERROR on any error.
     */
00144      int (*mod_init_service)(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata,struct ci_server_conf *server_conf);
    
    /**
       \brief Pointer to the function which called after the c-icap initialized, but before 
     * the c-icap start serves requests.
     *
     * This function can be used to initialize the service. Unlike to the 
     * ci_service_module::mod_init_service when this function called the c-icap has initialized
     * and it is known other system parameters like the services and modules which are loaded,
     * network ports and addresses c-icap is listening etc.
     \param srv_xdata Pointer to the ci_service_xadata_t object of this service
     \param server_conf Pointer to the struct holds the main c-icap server configuration
     \return CI_OK on success, CI_ERROR on errors.
     */
00158      int (*mod_post_init_service)(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata,struct ci_server_conf *server_conf);

    /**
     \brief Pointer to the function which called on c-icap server shutdown
     *
     * This function can be used to release service allocated resources
     */
00165      void (*mod_close_service)();

    /**
     \brief Pointer to the function called when a new request for this services arrives 
     *to c-icap server.
     *
     * This function should inititalize the data and structures required for serving the request.
     \param req a pointer to the related ci_request_t structure
     \return a void pointer to the user defined data required for serving the request.
     * The developer can obtain the service data from the related ci_request_t object using the 
     * macro ci_service_data
     */
00177      void *(*mod_init_request_data)(struct ci_request *req);
    
    /**
     \brief Pointer to the function which releases the service data.
     *
     * This function called after the user request served to release the service data
     \param srv_data pointer to the service data returned by the ci_service_module::mod_init_request_data call
     */
00185      void (*mod_release_request_data)(void *srv_data);

    /**
     \brief Pointer to the function which is used to preview the ICAP client request
     *
     * The client if supports preview sends some data for examination.
     * The service using this function will decide if the client request must processed so the client 
     * must send more data or no modification/processing needed so the request ended here.
     \param preview_data Pointer to the preview data
     \param preview_data_len The size of preview data
     \param req pointer to the related ci_request struct
     \return CI_MOD_CONTINUE if the client must send more data, CI_MOD_ALLOW204 if the service does 
     * not want to modify anything, or CI_ERROR on errors.
     */
00199      int (*mod_check_preview_handler)(char *preview_data,int preview_data_len,struct ci_request *req);
    
    /**
     \brief Pointer to the function called when the icap client has send all the data to the service
     *
     *This function called when the ICAP client has send all data.
     \param req pointer to the related ci_request struct
     \return CI_MOD_DONE if all are OK, CI_MOD_ALLOW204 if the ICAP client request supports 204 responses
     * and we are not planning to modify anything, or CI_ERROR on errors.
     * The service must not return CI_MOD_ALLOW204 if has already send some data to the client, or the 
     * client does not support allow204 responses. To examine if client supports 204 responses the 
     * developer should use the ci_req_allow204 macro
     */
00212      int (*mod_end_of_data_handler)(struct ci_request *req);

    /**
     \brief Pointer to the function called to read/send body data from/to icap client.
     *
     * This function reads body data from the ICAP client and sends back the modified body data 
     * To allow c-icap send data to the ICAP client before all data received by the c-icap a call
     * to the  ci_req_unlock_data function required.
     \param wbuf The buffer for writing data to the ICAP client
     \param wlen The size of the write buffer. It must modified to be the size of writing data. If 
     * the service has send all the data to the client this parameter must set to CI_EOF.
     \param rbuf Pointer to the data read from the ICAP client
     \param rlen The lenght of the data read from the ICAP client. If this function for a reason
     * can not read all the data, it must modify the rlen to be equal to the read data
     \param iseof It has non zero value if the data in rbuf buffer are the last data from the ICAP client.
     \param req pointer to the related ci_request struct
     \return Return CI_OK if all are OK or CI_ERROR on errors
     */
00230      int (*mod_service_io)(char *wbuf,int *wlen,char *rbuf,int *rlen,int iseof, struct ci_request *req);

    /**
     \brief Pointer to the config table of the service
     *
     * Is an array which contains the definitions of configuration parameters used by the service. 
     * The configuration parameters defined in this array can be used in c-icap.conf file.
     */
00238      struct ci_conf_entry *mod_conf_table;

    /**
     \brief NULL pointer
     *
     * This field does not used. Set it to NULL.
     */
00245      void *mod_data;
};

00248 typedef struct service_alias {
     char alias[MAX_SERVICE_NAME+1];
     char args[MAX_SERVICE_ARGS+1];
     ci_service_module_t *service;
} service_alias_t;

/*Internal function */
ci_service_module_t *add_service(ci_service_module_t *service);
ci_service_module_t *register_service(char *module_file);

service_alias_t *add_service_alias(char *service_alias,char *service_name,char *args);
ci_service_module_t *find_service(char *service_name);
service_alias_t *find_service_alias(char *service_name);
ci_service_xdata_t *service_data(ci_service_module_t *srv);
int init_services();
int post_init_services();
int release_services();

/*Library functions */
/*Undocumented, are not usefull to users*/
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_data_read_lock(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata);
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_data_read_unlock(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata);

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief Sets the ISTAG for the service.
 *
 *Normally this function called in ci_service_module::mod_init_service()  or ci_service_module::mod_post_init_service()
 *function, while the service initialization.
 \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
 \param istag is a string contains the new ISTAG for the service. The istag size can not be more than a size of 
 * SERVICE_ISTAG_SIZE.  If the lenght of istag is greater than SERVICE_ISTAG_SIZE the extra bytes ignored.
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_istag(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata,char *istag);

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief Sets the service x-headers mask which defines the X-Headers supported by the service.The c-icap
 * server will adverdise these headers in options responses.
 *
 * Normally this function called in ci_service_module::mod_init_service()  or ci_service_module::mod_post_init_service()
 * function, while the service initialization.
 \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
 \param xopts is a compination of one or more of the following defines:
 * - CI_XCLIENTIP: Refers to the X-Client-IP header. The HTTP proxy (or the ICAP client) will sends 
 * the ip address of the HTTP client using this header if supports this header.
 * - CI_XSERVERIP: The X-Server-IP header. The HTTP proxy will incluse the IP of the HTTP destination 
 * host in the X-Server-IP header if supports this header.
 * - CI_XSUBSCRIBERID: The X-Subscriber-ID header. This header can include a unique subscriber ID of the
 * user who issued the HTTP request
 * - CI_XAUTHENTICATEDUSER: The X-Authenticated-User header. If the user has been authenticated on 
 * HTTP proxy the HTTP proxy will send the authenticated user name.
 * - CI_XAUTHENTICATEDGROUPS: The X-Authenticated-Group header. If the user has been authenticated on 
 * HTTP proxy and belongs to some groups the HTTP proxy will send these groups using this header.
 *
 * example usage:
 \code
 * ci_service_set_xopts(srv_xdata,CI_XCLIENTIP|CI_XAUTHENTICATEDUSER);
 \endcode
 * 
 * For more informations about ICAP common X-Headers look at: 
 * http://www.icap-forum.org/documents/specification/draft-stecher-icap-subid-00.txt
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_xopts(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata, uint64_t xopts);

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief it is similar to the function ci_service_set_xopts but just adds (not sets) the X-Headers
 * defined by the xopts parameter to the existing x-headers mask of service.
 *
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_add_xopts(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata, uint64_t xopts);

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief Set the list of file extensions that should previewed by the service.
 *
 * The c-icap will inform the ICAP client that should send preview data for the files which have 
 * the extensions contained in the preview string. The wildcard value "*" specifies all files 
 * extensions, which is the default.
 \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
 \param preview is the string which contains the list of the file extensions.
 *
 * example usage:
 \code
 *   ci_service_set_transfer_preview(srv_xdata,"zip, tar");
 \endcode
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_transfer_preview(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata,char *preview);

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief Set the list of file extensions that should NOT be send for this service.
 *
 * The c-icap will inform the ICAP client that should not send files which have the extensions 
 * contained in the ignore string.
 \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
 \param ignore is the string which contains the list of the file extensions.
 *
 * example usage:
 \code
 *   ci_service_set_transfer_ignore(srv_xdata,"gif, jpeg");
 \endcode
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_transfer_ignore(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata,char *ignore);

/**
 \ingroup SERVICES
 \brief Set the list of file extensions that should be send in their entirety (without preview) to this service.
 *
 * The c-icap will inform the ICAP client that should send files which have the extensions 
 * contained in the complete string, in their entirety to this service.
 \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
 \param complete is the string which contains the list of the file extensions.
 *
 *example usage:
 \code
 *   ci_service_set_transfer_complete(srv_xdata,"exe, bat, com, ole");
 \endcode
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_transfer_complete(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata,char *complete);

/**
  \ingroup SERVICES
  \brief Sets the maximum preview size supported by this service
  *
  \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
  \param preview is the size of preview data supported by this service
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_preview(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata, int preview);


/**
  \ingroup SERVICES
  \brief  Enable the allow 204 responses for this service.
  *
  * The service will supports the allow 204 responses if the icap client support it too.
  \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_enable_204(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata);

/**
  \ingroup SERVICES
  \brief Sets the maximum connection should opened by icap client to the c-icap for this service
  *
  \param srv_xdata is a pointer to the c-icap internal service data.
  \param max_connections is the maximum connections
 */
CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_set_max_connections(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata, int max_connections);

CI_DECLARE_FUNC(void) ci_service_add_xincludes(ci_service_xdata_t *srv_xdata, char **xincludes);

#ifdef __CI_COMPAT
#define service_module_t ci_service_module_t
#define service_extra_data_t ci_service_xdata_t

/*The Old CI_X* defines*/
#define CI_XClientIP              1
#define CI_XServerIP              2
#define CI_XSubscriberID          4
#define CI_XAuthenticatedUser     8
#define CI_XAuthenticatedGroups  16

#endif


#endif

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